Arrests and Interrogations: Your Rights and the Law
The Constitution guarantees certain rights when it comes to interactions with law enforcement. Here, we address common inquiries to help you understand these protections during arrests and police questioning.
- When Is a Warrant Required for an Arrest?
- If I'm Arrested, Are the Police Obligated To Inform Me of My Rights?
- What if I Wasn't Given a Miranda Warning During Questioning?
- How Should I Assert My Right To Remain Silent Under Questioning?
- To What Extent Can Police Question Me?
- Can I Be Compelled To Provide Bodily Samples if I'm Charged With a Crime?
- Is It Legal To Be Stopped and Questioned at a Police Roadblock?
The Law Office of Monte J. Robbins, Esq., wants you to know that the police typically need "probable cause" to believe a crime has occurred, and that the person they intend to arrest is responsible, to arrest someone without a warrant. However, an individual's residence is sacred under the law. For nonserious offenses and without concerns of evidence tampering or public safety threats, law enforcement must obtain a warrant to make an arrest in one's home.
Not initially. But if police engage in questioning after an arrest and intend to use your responses as evidence, they must provide a "Miranda warning." This includes your rights to remain silent, to have an attorney, and to cease speaking with officers at any time. If you're not under police custody, these warnings aren't necessary, and any spontaneous admissions can be used against you.
A failure to provide a Miranda warning means any statements you make cannot be used to convict you. If evidence is discovered due to questioning without warnings, that evidence may be excluded, unless the police can prove they would have found it regardless of your statements.
Exercise your right to silence by clearly stating your desire to speak to an attorney or asserting that you do not wish to talk any further. Police must cease questioning once you declare your rights. If they persist, any subsequent statements or derived evidence cannot be presented at your trial.
Any information you willingly give to police, after a proper Miranda warning, can typically be used in court. Interrogation using force or coercive tactics is not permissible, and any evidence gained via these methods is inadmissible. It's essential to document any signs of physical coercion, as psychological pressure is challenging to prove and courts often favor the testimony of law enforcement.
Bodily samples are considered physical evidence, not testimonial, and the Supreme Court has ruled that collecting such samples does not violate the Fifth Amendment's protection against self-incrimination.
It is lawful, provided police apply a consistent method for stopping vehicles and limit driver inconvenience. They cannot target specific cars without reasonable suspicion to believe a traffic violation or crime has been committed.
For inquiries concerning driving under the influence and other legal concerns, please feel free to explore our comprehensive "Drunk Driving FAQ" or contact The Law Office of Monte J. Robbins, Esq., at 303-355-5148 for legal guidance.